Exam Year:2012

6014
HEALTH, NUTRITION AND
CHILD RIGHTS
December 2012
Time: 3 hours

THE KENYA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
DIPLOMA IN EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT AND EDUCATION

HEALTH, NUTRITION AND CHILD RIGHTS

3 hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
This paper consists of SIX questions.
Answer any FIVE questions in the spaces provided in this paper.
Each question carries 20 marks
1. a) Give the meaning of the following terms:
i) Exclusive breast feeding
(2 marks)
ii) Assistive technology devices;
(2 marks)
iii) Foster parent;
(2 marks)
iv) Nutrient.
(2 marks)

b) Outline six functions of Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) in the promotion of primary Health care (PHC).
(6 marks)
c) Highlight six duties of parents, guardians and caregivers as stated in the Children’s Act 2001.
(6 marks)

2. a) i) Explain why cotton wool is not recommended for cleaning cuts.
(2 marks)
ii) Identify three ways of ensuring ECDE learners are safe from chemical poisoning.
(3 marks)
b) i) State three disadvantages of preserving foods.
(3 marks)
ii) Describe how to store fresh milk for use in an ECDE centre where there is no refrigerator.
(4 marks)
c) Explain four factors that influence growth of a child.
(8 marks)

3. a) State four signs and symptoms manifested by a child suffering from measles.
(6 marks)
b) Explain four ways in which anti – retroviral (ARV) treatment positively improve life for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).
(8 marks)
c) i) Give four reasons why ECDE learners should be given foods rich in Vitamin C.
(4 marks)
ii) Explain four advantages of child spacing in a family.
(4 marks)

4. a) Give four benefits of inclusion of children with special needs Education with their non – handicapped peers.
(4 marks)
b) i) Identify four effects on a family of a child with a disability.
(4 marks)
ii) State six intervention strategies that can be used by parents of deaf children.
(6 marks)

c) Describe how the following characteristics manifest themselves in children with mental retardation:

i) Cognitive ability;
(2 marks)
ii) Memory;
(2 marks)
iii) Classification.
(2 marks)

5. a) i) Give four categories of children living under especially circumstances.
(4 marks)
ii) State four challenges faced by institutions for the Hearing Impaired.
(4 marks)
b) Identify four materials which can be adapted to assist learners with physical disabilities in writing.
(4 marks)
c) Enumerate eight steps that would be followed to assist a child with behavior problems.
(8 marks)

6. a) i) State six instruments that provide for the rights of children.
(6 marks)
ii) State four ways in which a man may acquire parental responsibility as stipulated in the Children’s Act 2001.
(4 marks)

b) Identify four groups of people who should sit at the Children’s court.
(4 marks)
c) Explain three disadvantages of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM).
(6 marks)